Internet of Things or IoT refers to the connection of multiple electronic devices to one source and the interconnected system to make the operations more convenient and efficient. IoT enables users to operate these devices without having to manually turn them on.
With the growing population, the need for food is also increasing, making it imperative that we use the best available technology to increase production. Over the years, there have been tremendous developments in farming techniques across the world. The use of IoT in agriculture can revolutionize the process and improve every facet of farming. Smart agriculture gadgets can help farmers yield a better crop by predicting and making provisions for unexpected changes.
While the use of IoT has been quite popular in the home automation industry, farmers are still apprehensive about the technology and the concept of smart farming. To help farmers understand the process and make an informed choice, we have compiled a list of how IoT smart farming improves revenue for farmers.
1. Sensors can reduce the risk of crop failure.
The IoT based smart farming utilizes a technology that monitors the crop through multiple sensors. This means that the farmer does not need to monitor the crop personally, to ensure that it is growing well. Sensors are used to record live data of the crop and other elements like light, humidity, soil moisture, temperature, etc..
Spoiled crops due to extreme weather changes and an inability of farmers to adapt, lead to heavy losses of income for farmers. AgroTech sensors can detect humidity levels, amount of water in the soil, the temperature on the field, and so on. This data is used by smart farming technology to make real-time decisions regarding the crop and save farmers from extensive losses.
● Weather changes
If the climate is changing adversely and you are not available at the farm, smart farming can still save your produce. The data collected by sensors is sent to the cloud, which analyses the data and takes the appropriate action needed to solve the issue.
● Crop diseases
The health of your products can be monitored with the help of IoT technology in agriculture. Smart devices are available for both land and air to initiate the evaluation of crop heath to prevent damage.
2. Choosing the right crop.
You can use the weather reports by the sensors to choose the right crop for a particular season. With the help of these sensors, farmers can slowly dedicate a part of their land towards high-value crop production and generate greater revenue.
3. The cost of production can be reduced.
When the available resources are used efficiently, farmers can cut on the cost of production. They can reduce waste by using the right amount of fertilizers and avoid using excess water, which can even spoil the crop. They can also decrease the logistical expenditure on making a trip to the farm multiple times in a day.
4. The right amount of fertilizers and irrigation.
Using the right amount of fertilizers, water, and pesticides can help in controlling the quality of your crop. As a result of using smart farming techniques, you can witness an improvement in crop production, both in terms of quality and quantity. Improved production will benefit the farmers financially who will be able to manage a satisfactory income after deducting the cost of production.
5. Livestock monitoring.
By monitoring the health, performance, and location of your livestock, you can prevent unexpected death. Moreover, if one animal is infected you can save the others by separating their living area. Livestock is expensive and you can save money by monitoring it.
6. Greenhouse farming.
Greenhouse farming can help improve the quality of yield. If you’re using greenhouse farming practice then weather sensors can be used to control the environment in the greenhouse, without manually changing it. This will lead to a better quality of fruits and vegetables.
7. Better evaluation of crop and distribution.
Smart farming techniques can give a rough idea to the farmer about the quantity of production. Once a farmer is aware of the expected product, they can make prior provisions for the distribution of the crop. This will keep them from ending up with unsold produce and increase their income.
Smart Farming Applications That Can Be Used By Farmers
● Weather stations: These sensors are installed all across the farm and record the environmental changes. They can also be used for greenhouse automation.
● Smart sprinklers: Smart sprinklers can help you customize your crop irrigation and lighting.
● Crop management devices: These devices are installed in the far to keep a check on moisture and crop health. These devices can help prevent crop diseases and infestations.
● Sensors for animals: You can monitor the health, performance, and temperature of your cattle and other livestock with the help of a collar.
● Agricultural drones: Agricultural drones are available for both air and ground and can be used for a crop health evaluation, spraying pesticides, planting, and field analysis. They also transfer real-time insights through pictures of the field to the system cloud.
● End-to-end system: While there is no harm in using IoT devices separately, by using an end-to-end system, you can cover all aspects of smart farming.
There are applications available for storage management and vehicle tracking as well.
Netstratum’s AgroTech is an IoT farming system, developed to ease the agricultural operations. The technology has been put together keeping the convenience of the farmers in mind and how they can increase their revenue. IoT in agriculture with AgroTech can unify the project management and simplify financial planning. It has a powerful data analytics system and efficient algorithms to predict changes. Moreover, it is secure and cannot be easily hacked.
Smart farming technologies like AgroTech are not limited to big farms, IoT in agriculture can also be used for organic farming, transparent farming, greenhouse farming, cattle culture, and family farming.
If you have any questions about AgroTech or smart farming, you can reach out to our experts at Netstratum Technologies.